Dogs are naturally social beings who need interaction with humans and/or other animals. Intensive confinement or long-term restraint can severely damage their physical and psychological well-being. An otherwise friendly and docile dog, when kept continuously chained or intensively confined in any way, becomes neurotic, unhappy, anxious and often aggressive.
It is common for continuously tethered dogs to endure physical ailments because of being continuously tethered. Their necks can become raw and sore, and their collars can painfully grow into their skin. They are vulnerable to insect bites and parasites, and are at high risk of entanglement, strangulation, death and harassment or attacks by other dogs orpeople.
Tethered dogs may also suffer from irregular feedings, overturned water bowls, inadequate veterinary care and extreme temperatures. During snow storms,these dogs often have no access to shelter. During periods of extreme heat,they may not receive adequate water or protection from the sun. Owners who chain their dogs are less likely to clean the area of confinement, causing the dogs to eat and sleep in an area contaminated with urine and feces. What's more, because their often-neurotic behavior makes them difficult to approach, chained dogs are rarely given even minimal affection. Tethered dogs may become "part of the scenery" and can be easily ignored by their owners.
Tethered dogs have no protection against weather, attacking animals, and stinging insects. Some dogs are provided with minimal shelter, but many others are not. Every year,tethered dogs die of heatstroke in the summer and freeze to death in the winter. It’s a short, painful life. Tethering also leaves dogs vulnerable to harassment and abuse from a passersby. The dog cannot escape if he/she is teased, beaten,or rocks are thrown at him/her.
Tethered dogs frequently suffer from open sores where their collar has irritated their skin.Sometimes, the collar becomes embedded in a dog’s neck, an incredibly painful condition.Infected sores can result in death. Tethers can also become entangled if the dog struggles to move beyond the small area to which he/she’s confined. Many dogs have died after accidentally hanging themselves over fences. Chained dogs are forced to eat, sleep, defecate, and urinate in a single place. Due to the constant pacing, the ground is usually bare and becomes muddy in terrain.
Finally, tethered dogs tend to be cared for less than dogs living in a home. Many dogs are not given fresh, clean water or food. They don’t receive exercise and rarely see a veterinarian. As a result, chained dogs frequently suffer from ticks, fleas, heartworm, and other diseases easily prevented with routine care.