Twenty-eight states have laws that either prohibit leaving an animal in confined vehicle under dangerous conditions or provide civil immunity (protection from being sued) for a person who rescues a distressed animal from vehicle. Creating greater awareness is the key to preventing pets from this unnecessary suffering and allowing a good Samaritan to rescue any distressed pet in need, that has been locked in a car without fear of criminal, civil liability or retaliation by the negligent owner.
Recently, about 12 states have enacted laws that allow any person to rescue a distressed animal (AZ, CA, CO, FL, IN, KS, MA, OH, OR, TN, VT, and WI). These laws functions to limit the civil or criminal liability of the person for damages resulting from the forcible entry of the vehicle.
The general advice when it comes to keep a dog or any pet in a vehicle when temperatures soar is erring on the side of caution — which means don’t run the risk of a pet overheating. Even if the windows are cracked, pets still can suffer from lethal heat stroke inside the confines of a vehicle, especially on a sunny day that can turn such a closed space into an oven.
The temperature inside a vehicle can rise almost 20 degrees in just 10 minutes, the American Veterinary Medical Association warns. At 60 minutes, the temperature in your vehicle can be more than 40 degrees higher than the outside temperature — even on a 70-degree day, that’s 110 degrees inside your vehicle, according to the AVMA.
Cracking the windows makes no difference, nor does it being partly overcast. a study by the Louisiana Office of Public Health, found temperatures in a dark sedan as well as a light gray minivan parked on a hot but partly cloudy day exceeded 125 degrees within 20 minutes, according to the AVMA.